Ocular hypertension is a condition in which the pressure in the eye is elevated above a healthy level. This elevation is often associated with glaucoma, a serious disease that can result in loss of vision and damage of the optic nerve. Alone, ocular hypertension will not result in pain or diminished sight.
Because ocular hypertension creates no outward signs or symptoms, it is wise to regularly visit your eye care professional to have the pressure in your eye measured and ensure that the condition is properly managed before it leads to a more serious problem. A thorough eye examination will give your eye care professional a reading of your intraocular pressure (IOP) and allow him or her to compare your levels with a normal level for a person of your age.
If your optometrist finds that you do have an elevated intraocular pressure level, there are treatments available to lower the pressure and reduce your risk of developing glaucoma. Eye drops are most commonly prescribed to manage the problem, but due to potential side effects they are typically only prescribed in instances where there are other factors that contribute to an increased risk of glaucoma.